?What is the meaning of shia

what is the meaning of shia?

What is the meaning of shia ?

The word “Shi’a” means followers.
Allah mentioned in Qur’an that Some of His righteous servants were Shi’a of His other righteous servants. An example was Prophet Abraham who was mentioned in Qur’an specifically as the Shi’a of Noah:

“And most surely Abraham was among the Shi’a of him (i.e., Noah)”(Qur’an 37: 83)

 وَإِنَّ مِن شِيعَتِهِ لَإِبْرَاهِيمَ ﴿الصافات: ٨٣﴾

There are another verses too. You can search them in the Holy Book.
Among Muslims shia means followers of Ali ibn abi talib(as).
Shia is one of the two main branches of Islam, followed by about a fifth of Muslims, especially in Iran, Iraq, Lebenan and the other countries.
Shia Muslims believe that the Islamic prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from the caliphate as a result of the incident of Saqifah.
This view primarily contrasts with that of Sunni Islam, whose adherents believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and consider Abu Bakr, who was appointed caliph by a small group of Muslims at Saqifah, to be the first rightful caliph after the Prophet.

The first individual who used this term was the Messenger of Allah himself:

The Messenger of Allah said to ‘Ali: “Glad tiding O ‘Ali! Verily you and your companions and your Shi’a (followers) will be in Paradise.”

يا علي أبشر فإنك و أصحابك و شيعتك في الجنَّة

Sunni references:

• Fadha’il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p655
• al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami , Ch. 11, section 1, p247

The Messenger of Allah (S) said: “The Shi’a of ‘Ali are the real victorious in the day of resurrection/rising”

شيعة علي هم الفائزون يوم القيامة

Sunni references:

• Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Hafidh Jalaluddin al-Suyuti Volume III,In the interpretation of the seventh verse of sura Bayyena
• Yanabi al-Mawaddah, by al-Qundoozi al-Hanafi, p62

It should be emphasized that the Messenger of Allah never wished to divide Muslims into groups. Prophet ordered all people to follow Imam ‘Ali (as) as his agent during his life time, and as his Caliph after him. Prophet wished everybody does that.
Surely, the followers of the Prophet are supposed to follow his Sunnah by definition. But were they called Sunni when Prophet Muhammad was alive? or even few years after his demise? In other words, the question to be answered is: When did the title “Ahlussunnah wal Jama’ah”come into existence in the history of Islam for a specific group of Muslims?
In this time that enemies of Islam desire to fight Islam, all Muslims should gather under one flag. The flag of real Islam.

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